[213] Mumbai also has two lower courts, the small causes court for civil matters, and the sessions court for criminal cases. [172] The record high is 42.2 °C (108 °F) set on 14 April 1952,[175] and the record low is 7.4 °C (45 °F) set on 27 January 1962. Mumbai is the birthplace of Indian cinema[337]—Dadasaheb Phalke laid the foundations with silent movies followed by Marathi talkies—and the oldest film broadcast took place in the early 20th century. Continue on to Niland, made famous by artist Leonard Knight’s Salvation Mountain, a giant folk art monument made from adobe, straw and thousands of gallons of paint (you may remember it from Into the Wild). The remaining areas belong to various Defence establishments, the Mumbai Port Trust, the Atomic Energy Commission and the Borivali National Park, which are out of the jurisdiction of the MCGM. RECOMMENDED: The best weekend getaways from L.A. We’ve indicated in the story below which of our favorite restaurants, bars and museums are temporarily closed right now, but it’s always best to call ahead since venues may be operating a limited capacity. Although we know that having parents that limit you is beneficial in a way, there are many more disadvantages, specifically the pressure that forces us to be extra careful in doing the right things. From there, you can tour Mission San Juan Capistrano, founded in 1776 and arguably one of the mission chain’s prettiest links. Shop for cacti at multiple roadside marts on 29 Palms Highway, or hang a left at Pioneertown Road for a stop at Pappy & Harriet’s, which boasts a ghost town, small inn and great live music (shows have been canceled). You’re also near Los Rios Historic District, which has some historic homes and museums that are perfect for a walking tour. Experience everything that SoCal has to offer with these day trip from Los Angeles to stunning nearby beaches, wineries and small towns. [224], In the Maharashtra state assembly elections held every five years, Mumbai is represented by 36 assembly constituencies. The Mumbai International Film Festival[339] and the award ceremony of the Filmfare Awards, the oldest and prominent film awards given for Hindi film industry in India, are held in Mumbai. It’s not just about the beach here; you can explore the reservation-only Hortense Miller Garden (temporarily closed) or thousands of acres of hillsides and canyons to find hiking trails, nature centers and the Pacific Marine Mammal Center, a sea lion rescue. [296], Electricity is distributed by the Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (BEST) undertaking in the island city, and by Reliance Energy, Tata Power, and the Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Co. Ltd (Mahavitaran) in the suburbs. Mumbai's culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, music, and theatres. Mumbai (English: /mʊmˈbaɪ/, Marathi: [ˈmumbəi]; also known as Bombay /bɒmˈbeɪ/, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. [361] Mumbai is home to Asia's oldest newspaper, Bombay Samachar, which has been published in Gujarati since 1822. Sunset is the leading Western lifestyle brand. [370] The 2000s saw a growth in Bollywood's popularity overseas. Tour an olive farm or a citrus grove, then grab an organic lunch at Farmer & the Cook. [181][182][183] According to the 2016 World Health Organization Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database,[184] the annual average PM2.5 concentration in 2013 was 63 μg/m3, which is 6.3 times higher than that recommended by the WHO Air Quality Guidelines[185] for the annual mean PM2.5. [175][176], Air pollution is a major issue in Mumbai. Rent a kayak or paddleboard to tour the water, and keep an eye out for the white-domed Big Bear Solar Observatory perched at the water’s edge on the north shore. [216] The city played host to the Indian National Congress six times during its Unmatched baking performance is achieved by combining convective, conductive and radiant heat to quickly and evenly bake a variety of foods. Many of them live in close proximity to bus or train stations although suburban residents spend significant time travelling southward to the main commercial district. Schools in Mumbai are either "municipal schools" (run by the MCGM) or private schools (run by trusts or individuals), which in some cases receive financial aid from the government. Los Ángeles (en inglés: Los Angeles pronunciado AFI: [lɒs ˈændʒəˌləs] ) oficialmente Ciudad de Los Ángeles y de manera abreviada LA, es la ciudad más poblada del estado estadounidense de California y la segunda ciudad más poblada de Estados Unidos, tras Nueva York.Tiene, según el censo de 2010, una … [174] In the Island City, the average maximum temperature is 31 °C (88 °F), while the average minimum temperature is 24 °C (75 °F). [14] As per Indian government population census of 2011, Mumbai was the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.5 million living under Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai. It was ranked 41 among the Top 50 Engineering Schools of the world by America's news broadcasting firm Business Insider in 2012 and was the only university in the list from the five emerging BRICS nations viz Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. [217], The 1960s saw the rise of regionalist politics in Bombay, with the formation of the Shiv Sena on 19 June 1966, out of a feeling of resentment about the relative marginalisation of the native Marathi people in Bombay. The textile industry in Bombay largely disappeared after the widespread 1982 Great Bombay Textile Strike, in which nearly 250,000 workers in more than 50 textile mills went on strike. Global Urban Ambient Air Pollution Database. The number of slum-dwellers is estimated to be 9 million, up from 6 million in 2001;[314] that is, 62% of all Mumbaikars live in informal slums. Sixteen major languages of India are spoken in Mumbai, with the most common being Marathi and its dialect East Indian; as well as Hindi, Gujarati and English. [385] If you’re a bit more adventurous, stop by Bear Valley Bikes and rent a mountain bike; there are fire roads for beginners and lots of technical, downhill single track for more seasoned riders. [62] Older terms such as Bombayite are also in use. [141] In 2006, 209 people were killed and over 700 injured when seven bombs exploded on the city's commuter trains. By the middle of the 18th century, Bombay began to grow into a major trading town, and received a huge influx of migrants from across India. It’s directly across a pedestrian crosswalk from the train station, and has been slinging pies and pouring pints for more than two decades.—Sara Fay, 1 hr 50 mins by carSanta Barbara is a scenic and worthy vacation destination regardless of your starting point, but we’re fortunate enough to have relatively easy access (granted that the L.A. traffic gods are working in our favor). [130] Gujarati-speaking areas of Bombay State were partitioned into the state of Gujarat. [188], Mumbai is India's largest city (by population) and is the financial and commercial capital of the country as it generates 6.16% of the total GDP. The collectors are in charge of property records and revenue collection for the central government, and oversee the national elections held in the city. [401] The biggest cricketing event to be staged in the city so far is the final of the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup which was played at the Wankhede Stadium. [119] During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the city became the world's chief cotton-trading market, resulting in a boom in the economy that subsequently enhanced the city's stature. To refine your search results, simply filter by price, distance (e.g. You’re still within stumbling distance of the train station.—Sara Fay, Visitors to Balboa Island in Newport Beach can enter the man-made island by driving onto it via Marine Avenue, but it’s far easier—and more fun—to park your car on the Balboa Peninsula and take the Balboa Island Ferry for a quick and scenic five-minute trip across the water. Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC, also known as ST)[252] buses provide intercity transport connecting Mumbai with other towns and cities of Maharashtra and nearby states. I'd recommend 4WD if you attempt to drive down to the beach instead of parking in the lot and walking (cars … [133], The following decades saw massive expansion of the city and its suburbs. The Sultanate's patronage led to the construction of many mosques, prominent being the Haji Ali Dargah in Worli, built in honour of the Muslim saint Haji Ali in 1431. ", "Air quality in Mumbai three times worse than Delhi.". Unreasonably folks out there – Senators – media – etc., are calling for some of out most brilliant scientists and others, who are simply skeptical of the wildest claims, to be … India Finance", "It's not so bad as we thought: Mumbai shows improvement on human development index | Mumbai News - Times of India", National Commissioner Linguistic Minorities 50th report, page 131, "Evolution of the Corporation, Historical Milestones", "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above", "Thirty of India's 68 billionaires live in Mumbai", "With 68 billionaires, India ranks 7th globally; Mumbai leads in India with 30", "New millionaires hope to serve as role models for India's lower castes", "10 worst oil spills that cost trillions in losses : Rediff.com Business", "Development of Mumbai International Airport (NMIA)", "Poonam Mahajan explains why Mumbai is at the very heart of India story", "World's Richest Cities: The Top 10 Cities Billionaires Call Home", "Richest Cities In The World: The Top 10 Cities With The Most Billionaires", "Why Did Bombay Become Mumbai? [164] Mumbai sits on a seismically active zone owing to the presence of 23 fault lines in the vicinity. [16] Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. [414] In March 2004, the Mumbai Grand Prix was part of the F1 powerboat world championship,[415] and the Force India F1 team car was unveiled in the city, in 2008. The MCGM also imparts secondary education to 55,576 students through its 49 secondary schools. [15] Mumbai is the centre of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, the sixth most populous metropolitan area in the world with a population of over 23 million. [235] Taxis and rickshaws in Mumbai are required by law to run on compressed natural gas (CNG),[236] and are a convenient, economical, and easily available means of transport. [143] The three coordinated bomb explosions in July 2011 that occurred at the Opera house, Zaveri Bazaar and Dadar were the latest in the series of terrorist attacks in Mumbai which resulted in 26 deaths and 130 injuries. [91] Growing apprehensive of the power of the Mughal emperor Humayun, Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat was obliged to sign the Treaty of Bassein with the Portuguese Empire on 23 December 1534. [43][44] This name possibly originated as the Galician-Portuguese phrase bom baim, meaning "good little bay",[45] and Bombaim is still commonly used in Portuguese. [97] The Portuguese also built several fortifications around the city like the Bombay Castle, Castella de Aguada (Castelo da Aguada or Bandra Fort), and Madh Fort. On 1 October 1990, the Greater Bombay district was bifurcated to form two revenue districts namely, Bombay City and Bombay Suburban, though they continued to be administered by same Municipal Administration. [148], Mumbai is on a narrow peninsula on the southwest of Salsette Island, which lies between the Arabian Sea to the west, Thane Creek to the east and Vasai Creek to the north. The number of households with incomes from 1–2 million rupees is also estimated to increase from 4% to 15% by 2020. We deliver travel ideas, home design and gardening inspiration, and recipes that celebrate the West and its bounty. [140], The years from 1990 to 2010 saw an increase in violence and terrorism activities. [380], The University of Mumbai is one of the premier[381] universities in India. Navi Mumbai is east of Thane Creek and Thane is north of Vasai Creek. Also, make sure to brush up on the latest local travel advice. [269] There are five tolled entry points to the city by road. [313] Mumbai Metropolitan Region was home to 20,748,395 people by 2011. [32] The total area of Mumbai is 603.4 km2 (233 sq mi). [405] [348][350] Public holidays specific to the city and the state include Maharashtra Day on 1 May, to celebrate the formation of Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960,[351][352] and Gudi Padwa which is the New Year's Day for Marathi people. Beyond is Slab City, a former marine training base that now exists as a squat for campers, transients and desert dwellers who’ve created a community complete with a library, skate park and live music stage, “the Range.” If you’re respectful and friendly, folks may share their hot spring and swimming hole secrets, so bring a bathing suit—or do as the locals do and go in your birthday suit.—Kate Wertheimer. [28][118] On 16 April 1853, India's first passenger railway line was established, connecting Bombay to the neighbouring town of Thana (now Thane). The Palm Springs Art Museum (temporarily closed) is small but displays works from incredible artists including Picasso and Warhol. On the West coast are former-textile mills being demolished and skyscrapers built on top. All executive powers are vested in the municipal commissioner who is an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer appointed by the state government. We can’t think of a better way to end your day in Temecula than by sailing over the town’s vineyards at sunset with a glass of Champagne in hand.—Erin Kuschner, 2 hrs by carKnown for its ultra-fancy resorts and legacy of celebrity residents, Palm Springs is worth at least a weekend, if you can afford the time. [307] There are also a few Indo-Saracenic styled buildings such as the Gateway of India. The Indian Badminton League (IBL), now known as the Premier Badminton League is also visiting Mumbai since its inaugural edition in 2013 when the final was held in Mumbai's National Sports Club of India. El centro urbano de Bombay se halla en la isla homónima de 70 km² de superficie … [270], Mumbai had about 721,000 private vehicles as of March 2014,[271] 56,459 black and yellow taxis as of 2005[update],[272] and 106,000 auto rickshaws, as of May 2013. According to a USGS … If your air conditioning or heating system is not working properly, you should contact an HVAC technician or furnace repair near you and have it looked at. And the Wharf isn’t the only place to see the water: Butterfly Beach, a relatively private spot, is situated next to the Four Seasons Biltmore Hotel and faces west for ideal sunset-watching views. The opening ceremony was also held in Mumbai while the finals in Delhi. Mumbai is a hub of Indian film making. If you’re visiting in early January, make sure to schedule your trip around the annual Christmas tree bonfire.—Michael Juliano, 3 hrs by carThis day trip isn’t for everyone; but if you’re a fan of things decrepit, forgotten and way off the beaten path, head south to Bombay Beach at the Salton Sea. We already have this email. [234] Auto rickshaws are allowed to operate only in the suburban areas of Mumbai, while taxis are allowed to operate throughout Mumbai, but generally operate in South Mumbai. With these day trip white collar workforce term as defined by state statute Hindi film industry based in,! ( SEEPZ ) and the Victorian and Art Deco buildings in the suburbs, the first built. Popularity after the English managed to acquire Mahim, Sion, Dharavi and! Total area of Mumbai is also the hub of many international media corporations, with many channels... 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