According to Joshi, this Ayodhya is similar to the mythical places such as Samavasarana and Nandishvaradvipa, which appear in the Jain mythology. The district has a postgraduate college named Saket, and a university named Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Awadh University. [16], Hans T. Bakker notes that no place called Ayodhya is attested by any epigraphic or other archaeological evidence before the 2nd century CE. These include the Abhisheka and Pratimanataka by the poet Bhāsa (dated 2nd century CE or earlier), and the Raghuvamsha of Kalidasa (c. 5th century CE). Xuanzang seems to have used the term Ganga to describe "a long affluent of the great river". Arguments cited in favour of this identification include: A section of scholars have argued that the legendary Ayodhya of Ramayana is a purely mythical city, and is not same as the present-day Ayodhya. [19], Among the Sanskrit sources, the identification of Ayodhya with Saketa first appears in texts from the Gupta period, including the Brahmanda Purana and Kalidasa's Raghuvamsha. The Purana-pancha-lakshana also describes the city as the capital of Ikshvaku kings, including Harishchandra. The ancient city of Kaushambi was actually located on the banks of the river Yamuna, not Ganga. These texts describe it as the capital of the Ikshvaku kings, including Rama. A five-judge Constitution Bench, that was set up on January 8, … Into this city ever shining, moving, and pervaded with Yasas (fame and lustre), [25] Historian Gyanendra Pandey argues that Kalidasa's mention of "Saketa" and "Ayodhya" do not prove any connection between the legendary Ayodhya and the present-day Ayodhya, as he lived in the Gupta period (c. 5th century CE), presumably after the Guptas had changed the name of Saketa to "Ayodhya". Whoever knows it as the Creator's city ever surrounded with nectar Claiming that the ancient artefacts found during the land levelling work at Ram Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya on Thursday proved that it was a Buddha Sthal (Buddhist pilgrimage site), Congress leader Udit Raj demanded analysis of the recovered items by Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The Uttar Pradesh cabinet on Tuesday approved a proposal to change the name of Faizabad district to Ayodhya, a week after Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath made the … Ayodhya, also called Oudh or Awadh, town, south-central Uttar Pradesh state, northern India. there are two meanings of saket. The writings of Xuanzang (c. 602–664 CE) associate the town with Buddhism. [6] Ayodhya was subsequently repopulated by king Rishabha. The IIFC has received suggestions to name … Earlier this year, the ground-breaking ceremony of the famed Ram Mandir took place in Ayodhya, capping a decades-old legal battle that defined India's socio-political fabric for long. Joshi argues that the Ayodhya city, as described in the Taittiriya Aranyaka (and Atharvaveda), is obviously a mythical city, because it is said to be surrounded by a pool of nectar, and is described as the location of "the golden treasure-dome of the celestial world". How unique is the name Ayodhya? [19], According to M. C. Joshi, "a critical examination of the geographical data available in Valmiki's narratives does not justify the commonly accepted identification of the ancient city with the modern one". [27], The JNU historians agree that an ancient historical city called "Ayodhya" (Pali: Ayojjha or Ayujjha[20]) existed, but argue that it was not same as the modern Ayodhya, or the legendary city described in the Ramayana. The ‘Dhamma Chakra’ and ‘Stupas’ found at the site of proposed temple is a clear evidence of what I am saying. Ayodhya: Faizabad district will be renamed as Sri Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath announced on Tuesday but remained silent on the construction of the Ram Temple in a Diwali speech from the holy city revered by millions of Hindus as the birthplace of Lord Ram. Ayodhya is a legendary city mentioned in the ancient Sanskrit-language texts, including the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. In the name of Allah. [19] According to Bakker, only the newer (5th century and later) parts of Ramayana explicitly describe Ayodhya as located on the banks of the Sarayu river. The city is located at the banks of the Sarayu River and was the capital of the ancient kingdom of Kosala. It remained deserted for several centuries until King Vikrama (or Vikramaditya) of Ujjain came searching for it. According to another theory, it is a fictional city, and the present-day Ayodhya (originally called Saketa) was renamed after it around the 4th or 5th century, during the Gupta period. [16] According to Bakker, the Guptas moved their capital to Saketa either during the reign of Kumaragupta I or Skandagupta, and this event is possibly alluded to in the Raghuvamsha. within it there is the golden treasure-dome, the celestial world, ever-illuminated with light (north pole). [16] He cut down the forests that had covered the ancient ruins, established a new city, erected the Ramgar fort, and built 360 temples. As such, it is considered by Hindus as one of the seven most sacred cities of India (Sapta Puri). The proposed mosque in Ayodhya that is set to be built following the Supreme Court verdict in the Babri Masjid case may be named after Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah, the … [20], Kishore Kunal argues that the word "Ganga" is also used as common noun for a holy river in Sanskrit. [1] Sāketa in Sanskrit, or Saket in Hindi, thus a place where God resides. [28] In his support, he presents another verse from Samyutta Nikaya (4.35.241.205), which states "Once Lord Buddha was walking in Kaushambi on the bank of the Ganga river". According to Vaman shivam Apte (an indian lexicographer and former professor of sanskrit in Ferguson College, Pune) the word "Saketa" is derived from the Sanskrit words Saha (with) and Aketen (houses or buildings). The name was approved by the UP cabinet in November 2020. ... culminating in the apex court granting the disputed land in Ayodhya for the construction of a Ram temple. When was the first name Ayodhya first recorded in the United States? Saketa is also an old name for the ancient city of Ayodhya, an important Hindu religious place, the capital of Kosala and the birthplace of Lord Rama, the hero of epic Ramayana. Its meaning is "Lord Ramas Nilayam". For other places with the same name, see Ayodhya (disambiguation).. Ayodhya is an ancient city and the old capital of Awadh, in Uttar Pradesh in India.. Ayodhya is one of the major holy cities of Hinduism - the world's 3rd largest religion. Also, Ayodhya is little difficult to pronounce for non Indians. From 1880 to 2018 less than 5 people per year have been born with the first name Ayodhya. Ayodhya Ram Mandir History: For decades, India’s politics has been shaped by a tussle between two competing grand ideas: composite nationalism and cultural nationalism. At India's 200-year-old ordnance factories, anxiety and anticipation; Key Highlights. "Ayodhya is a symbol of our 'aan, baan aur shaan' (honour, pride and prestige)" he said in the pilgrim town, about 120 km from state capital Lucknow. [30], M. C. Joshi asserted that Ayodhya is mentioned in a Taittiriya Aranyaka verse, which is also found with some variations in the Atharvaveda:[31], aṣṭācakrā navadvārā devānāṃ pūrayodhyā During this journey, he passes through places located in present-day Odisha and Assam. Ayodhya name origin is Hindi. [19] The Buddhist Pali-language texts name a city called Ayojjha or Ayujjha (Pali for Ayodhya), but suggest that it was located on the banks of the Ganges river (see below). A, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 21:14. [29] S. N. Arya similarly points out that the 7th century Chinese Buddhist traveler Xuanzang states that he reached Ayodhya ("A-yu-te") after crossing the Ganga river, while traveling southwards (Ayodhya is actually located to the north of the Ganges river). [26], The rise of the modern Ayodhya town as a centre of Rama worship is relatively recent, dating back to the 13th century, when the Ramanandi sect started gaining prominence. [2][3] It is an account of the Ramayana through the eyes of Urmila, daughter of King Janaka of Mithila and the younger sister of Sita, who later became wife of Lakshmana. [17] The earliest extant inscriptions mentioning a place called Ayodhya are from the Gupta period. The Gaya inscription, said to be issued by Samudragupta (4th century CE), but possibly an 8th century fabrication according to modern historians, describes Ayodhya as a garrison town. During this period, the Jains linked the mythology of the Ikshvaku dynasty with their tirthankaras and chakravartins. This confirms that the Atharvaveda uses "ayodhya" as an adjective, not as the name of a city. A 533-534 CE inscription mentions a nobleman from Ayodhya. See more. [35] the later text Bhagavad Gita also describes the human body as a city with nine doors, in which the soul resides. [20] In the early Jain canonical literature, "Aujjha" (a Prakrit form of "Ayodhya") is mentioned only once: the Thana Sutta describes it as the capital of Gandhilavati, a district of the "largely mythological" Mahavideha country. All I want is to save historical facts and not let it get distorted.”, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sāketa&oldid=1003467849, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 January 2021, at 03:05. A five-member Supreme Court bench headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi delivered a unanimous verdict in the Ayodhya temple-mosque … [22] In the 19th century, Alexander Cunningham of Archaeological Survey of India believed that Ramayana also identifies Ayodhya with a Saketa, based on a verse that supposedly describes Dasharatha as the king of "Saketa-nagara". [21] This indicates that the Ayodhya of Sanskrit epic literature is a fictional city. the Creator has entered. Here Ayodhya is used by less than 87 people in India as the name … For example, in the Ayodhya Kanda of the Ramayana, Bharata takes a geographically "non-sensical" route while traveling to Ayodhya from the kingdom of his uncle Kekeya (located in the extreme west of the Indian subcontinent). Ayodhya definition, a city in E Uttar Pradesh, in N India; a suburb of Faizabad: one of the seven most sacred Hindu centers. Before that, Ayodhya was part of the ancient Kosala state with Saket (Ayodhya) as its capital. Babri Masjid ("Mosque of Bābur") prior to its destruction in December 1992, Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, India. [14], According to Hans T. Bakker, the older parts of Mahabharata and Purana-pancha-lakshana mention Ayodhya as the capital of the Ikshvaku kings, but do not state that it was situated on the banks of the Sarayu river. Union Minister Piyush Goyal: Piyush Goyal said the unanimous judgement of the Supreme Court on Ayodhya dispute has ended a decades-old legal dispute. The bench, after hearing the case for 40 days, concluded the arguments in the matter. Ayushman Bharat Special Golden Card Scheme in District Ayodhya Published on: 14/12/2020 press release press release for special Ayushman bharat BLOCK NAME PAID FREE PLAN BIKAPUR Bikapur VLE Microplan AM Microplane Bikapur TARUN Tarun VLE Microplan A M Microplane Tarun MASHODHA Masaudha VLE Microplan AM Microplan Masaudha HARRINGTON GANJ H. Ganj VLE Microplan AM … The Ramayana depicts Ayodhya as an urban centre with palaces and buildings, while the excavations at present-day Ayodhya indicate a primitive life. The ancient city of Ayodhya is known by most to be the setting of the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana and is known to be the birthplace of the God king Ram. Ram Mandir (Sanskrit: राम मंदिर) is an under-construction Hindu temple in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, India, at the site of Ram Janmabhoomi, which many Hindus believe to be the birthplace of the Hindu god Rama. [5] Rama himself entered the waters of the Sarayu river, along with all the inhabitants of the city, and ascended to heaven. It lies on the Ghaghara River just east of Faizabad. NEW DELHI: One of the longest-running battles in India’s legal history has just concluded. "This is a welcome decision of the Supreme Court which has been taken unanimously by the court. puraṃ hiraṇyayīṃ brahmā viveśāparājitām. [16], Bakker notes that the legend of Rama was not always connected with Ayodhya: for example, the Buddhist Dasaratha-jataka mentions Varanasi, not Ayodhya, as the capital of Dasharatha and Rama. This decision has lead to the end of decades old legal issue," he said in a tweet. tasyāṃ hiraṇyayaḥkośaḥ svargo loko jyotiṣāvṛtaḥ The laying of the foundation for the Ram Temple marks the demise of an old political consensus, and the beginning of a new journey. This theory is based on the fact that according to the ancient Buddhist texts, the ancient Ayodhya town was located on the banks of the river Ganga (Ganges), not Sarayu. B. Lal and H. D. Sankalia, have identified the legendary Ayodhya with the present-day Ayodhya town, but this theory is not universally accepted.[9]. Ayodhya is a legendary city mentioned in the ancient Sanskrit-language texts, including the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The name Ayodhya is suitable for baby born in Krittika nakshatra Krittika Nakshatra: An old name of the Pleiades; personified as the nurses of Kārttikeya, a son of Shiva. Saket can be alternatively used for Heaven or Vaikuntha in Hindu epics, where liberated souls dwell. tasmai brahma ca brāhmā ca āyuḥ kirtim prajāṃ daduḥ For example, a 436 CE inscription describes a donation to Brahmins hailing from Ayodhya. Thus, the association of Rama with Ayodhya may be a result the claim that he was a member of the Ikshvaku family, and this family's association with Ayodhya. [18], Early Buddhist and Jain texts mention Shravasti and Saketa, not Ayodhya, as the major cities of the Kosala region. On the other hand, the Sanskrit sources that mention Saketa but not Ayodhya are of "semi-scientific or factual nature". [4], The Ramayana states that the city was ruled by king Dasaratha, a descendant of king Ikshvaku. The older parts of Ramayana only suggest that it was located in the vicinity of the Sarayu river. tasyāṃ hiraṇyayaḥkośaḥ svargo jyotiṣāvṛtaḥ, Eight-wheeled, nine-doored, is the impregnable stronghold of the gods; [13] According to these scholars, the process of identifying the legendary Ayodhya with Saketa (an ancient name of present-day Ayodhya) began in the early centuries CE, and was completed during the Gupta period.[15]. B. Lal, the word ayodhya in this context is not a proper noun (the name of a city), but an adjective, meaning "impregnable". yo vai tāṃ brahmaṇo vedāmṛtenāvṛtāṃ puram Frederick M. Asher. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Ayodhya is Wednesday, November 1st, 1911. Existence of old shrine. [16] These historians theorize that the 5th century emperor Skandagupta (who adopted the title Vikramditya) moved his residence to Saketa, and renamed it to Ayodhya, probably to associate himself with the legendary solar dynasty. According to Uttara Kanda, a later addition to the Ramayana, Rama divided the kingdom into North and South Kosala at the end of his reign, with respective capitals at Shravasti and Kusavati, and installed his two sons (Lava and Kusa) to rule them. Ayodhya is a Boy name, meaning Not to be Fought Against in hindu origin. The demolition of the centuries-old mosque by a Hindu mob in Ayodhya on December 6, 1992 sparked deadly religious riots around the country, killing about 2,000 people. [18], Kishore Kunal argues that there is no historical evidence to support the theory that Saketa was renamed as "Ayodhya" by Skandagupta. Ayodhya, set on the banks of the Sarayu river, is a mythical city: it is said to have been the capital of the Kosala Kingdom, which saw the birth of Lord Rama, the famous hero of the Ramayana epic. The 14th century commentator Sayana also confirms this meaning of the word. The author of 1024-page Ayodhya judgment remains a mystery. As per social media records, Ayodhya and it's alternate spellings are not that popular in India. According to one theory, it is same as the present-day Ayodhya city. For example, Ramayana 2.70.19 states that the funeral processions of Dasharatha traveled from the city to Sarayu using palanquins and chariots, which according to Bakker, suggests that Sarayu was located at some distance from the city. [1][2], According to the Ramayana, Ayodhya was founded by Manu, the progenitor of mankind, and measured 12x3 yojanas in area. But all I am demanding is to get the area studied properly by a team of ASI along with UNESCO so that historical facts were not distorted as evidence prove that the place is a centre of Buddhism. ... “Ayodhya is an old city. "Saketa", the name of the Ayodhya Kingdom was later widespread by Buddhist travellers and far away traders for the collective name of the region's under this Kingdom. It is a historical fact that Faxian, the Chinese Buddhist monk who had travelled to India, had written about the presence of 100 Ashoka Stupas in Ayodhya. Write Ayodhya in Hindi : अयोध्या , And Numerology (Lucky number) is 7, Syllables is 3.5, Rashi is Mesha (A, L, E, I, O), Nakshatra is Krithika (A, EE, U, EA, I, E)., Baby names meaning in Urdu, Hindi Close on the heels of renaming Allahabad as Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath Tuesday announced that Faizabad district will henceforth be known as Ayodhya. Saket can be alternatively used for Heaven or Vaikuntha in Hindu epics, where liberated souls dwell. The various arguments made in favour of identifying the legendary Ayodhya as a fictional city include the following: The JNU historians argue that according to the archaeological evidence, the earliest possible settlements at Ayodhya can be dated to c. 8th century BCE, while the Ramayana is set much earlier. will have long life, fame, and offspring bestowed on him, by Brahma (the sun), and Brahma (the moon). [8], Many modern scholars, including B. Saket (1932), a famous Hindi epic poem by Maithili Sharan Gupt, a modern-version of Ramcharitmanas, which described an ideal Hindu society and Rama as an ideal man. Babri Masjid. Find the complete details of Ayodhya name on BabyNamesCube, the most trusted source for baby name meaning, numerology, origins, similar names and more! He notes that the Kalidasa's Raghuvamsha clearly refers to the same city by the names "Saketa" and "Ayodhya", while narrating the legend of Rama. [23], A local oral tradition of Ayodhya, first recorded in writing by Robert Montgomery Martin in 1838,[24] mentions that the city was deserted after the death of Rama's descendant Brihadbala. The established practice is to specify the name of the judge who has authored the judgment. NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court has pronounced judgment in 70-year-old Ayodhya land dispute case today. in that is a golden vessel, heaven-going (swarga), covered with light, Lal points out that two cognate forms ayodhyena and ayodhyaḥ appear in Atharvaveda 19.13.3 and 19.13.7 respectively, in similar sense of "invincible". [13] These scholars include M. C. Joshi, Hans T. Bakker,[14] and a group of 25 historians from the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), among others. [33] The verse describes the human body (pur) as having eight chakras and nine orifices:[34], aṣṭācakrā navadvārā devānāṃ pūrayodhyā The 11th century texts refer to Gopataru tirtha in Ayodhya, but do not refer to the birthplace of Rama. The roads that came up originally have become inadequate now to support the huge inflow of traffic resulting in huge congestion. Also Ajanavana, an ancient forest near Saket was where … However, this verse was fabricated by a Brahmin of Lucknow: it is not found in the original Ramayana text. For example, the Samyutta Nikaya states "Once Lord Buddha was walking in Ayodhya on the bank of the Ganga river". It is referred to as Saket in traditional Buddhist literature. Sāketa in Sanskrit, or Saket in Hindi, thus a place where God resides. The city was known to be founded by the Hindu deity Manu and is believed to be 9000 years old. [4], Several other literary works based on the story of Rama also mention Ayodhya. His son Rama was exiled to the forest, and returned to the city after several travails, establishing an ideal rule in the kingdom. Vaikuntha in Hindu epics, where liberated souls dwell states `` Once Lord Buddha was walking in,. With Buddhism that mention Saketa but not Ayodhya are of `` semi-scientific or factual nature '' to Gopataru in... 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